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Small Modular Nuclear Reactors: The Future of Carbon-Free Energy

The UK intends to commission new, improved generation nuclear reactors, including the small modular reactor (MMR) BWRX-300, developed by GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy.

The BWRX-300 incorporates innovative safety features that are designed to cool itself without the need for external power or water supply. Built-in passive safety features enable the reactor to be safely shutdown without the need for human intervention.

The UK’s goal to increase the presence of nuclear power in the energy balance is part of the «Ten-Point Green Industrial Revolution Plan», which was presented in 2020 to address energy security and climate change issues.

The country already receives about 15% of its electricity from nuclear power and aims to triple its capacity to 24 gigawatts (GW) by 2050, which will cover about 25% of its future electricity needs, while the old gas-cooled nuclear power plants will be decommissioned.

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